Once you decide to donate blood in Nigeria the first step is to walk into any health facility that provides blood banking services especially clinics and hospitals involved in maternal and child care. While in the facility,you will be required to provide your personal identification details, your medical history, and undergoing a quick physical examination. You’ll also be given some information about blood donation to read.
Once you’re ready, your blood donation procedure will begin. Whole blood donation is the most common type of donation. This is because it offers the most flexibility. It can be transfused as whole blood or separated into red cells, platelets, and plasma for different recipients.
For a whole blood donation procedure:
1. You’ll be seated in a reclining chair. You can donate blood either sitting or lying down.
2. A small area of your arm will be cleaned. A sterile needle will then be inserted.
3. You’ll remain seated or lying down while a pint of your blood is drawn. This takes 8 to 10 minutes.
4. When a pint of blood has been collected, a staff member will remove the needle and bandage your arm.
Other types of donation include:
- Platelet donation .(plateletpheresis)
- Plasma donation.(plasmapheresis)
- Double red cell donation .
These types of donations are performed using a process called apheresis. An apheresis machine is connected to both of your arms. It collects a small amount of blood and separates the components before returning the unused components back to you. This cycle is repeated several times over approximately two hours.
During a regular donation, you will give around 470 ml of whole blood. This is about eight per cent of the average adult’s blood volume. The body replaces this volume within 24 to 48 hours, and replenishes red blood cells in 10 to 12 weeks.
Once your donation is complete, you’ll be given a snack and a drink and be able to sit and rest for 10 or 15 minutes before you leave. If you feel faint or nauseous, you’ll be able to lie down until you feel better.
- BLOOD DONORS REQUIREMENTS IN NIGERIA
1. Be healthy and not suffering from illness at the time of donation.
2. Be aged between 18 and 70 years (other rules may apply if you are a current donor)
weigh at least 50 kg.
3. Have normal temperature and blood pressure.
4. Meet guidelines designed to protect both the donor and the people who will receive the blood.
- MOST COMMON QUESTIONS ASKED ABOUT BLOOD DONATION
- WHAT AGE CAN ONE START DONATING BLOOD?
In most countries including Nigeria, you must be at least 17+ years old to donate platelets or plasma and at least 16 years old to donate whole blood. Younger donors may be eligible in certain states if they’ve a signed parental consent form.
- WHAT AGE CAN ONE STOP DONATING BLOOD?
As long as you are fit and healthy, weigh over 7 stone 12 lbs (50kg) and are aged between 17 and 66 (up to 70 if you have given blood before) you should be able to give blood. If you are over 70, you need to have given blood in the last two years to continue donating.
- CAN ONE DONATE BLOOD IF THEY SMOKE?
Smoking cigarettes doesn’t disqualify you from donating blood. If you smoke and you want to donate blood, plan to refrain from smoking on the day of your appointment both before your appointment and for three hours afterward. Smoking afterward may lead to dizziness.
- HOW MUCH DO YOU HAVE TO WEIGH TO BE ABLE TO DONATE BLOOD ?
You must weigh at least 110 (50KG)pounds to be eligible for blood donation for your own safety. Blood volume is in proportion to body weight. Donors who weigh less than 110 pounds may not tolerate the removal of the required volume of blood as well as those who weigh more than 110 pounds.